43 Benefits of bitter melon and its side effects

Pare is one type of vegetable that is very beneficial for health, but the problem is, not many people like it because of its bitter taste. The bitter taste of bitter gourd seems to be very sticky, moreover, bitter melon is usually served only boiled and made as fresh vegetables. Bitter gourd grows on vines and creepers, and in fact this plant can be easy to grow and requires no special handling. Pare cuisine is usually only stir-fried with various other vegetables or meat. Consuming bitter melon is highly recommended, because the content and benefits of bitter melon are good for the body and good for skin and hair health.

Benefits of bitter melon based on its nutritional content

Bitter gourd is very low in calories, providing only 17 calories per 100g. However, not only that, bitter melon also contains phytonutrients, fiber, minerals, vitamins and anti-oxidants. And together provide benefits for the health of the body:

  1. Phyto Nutrien – Pare contains phyto especially polypeptide-P which is plant insulin which is known to lower blood sugar levels. In addition, a hypoglycemic agent called charantin increases glucose uptake and glycogen synthesis in liver, muscle and adipose tissue cells. Together, these compounds in bitter melon have been thought to be responsible for lowering blood sugar levels in the treatment of type-2 diabetes.
  2. Folate – Fresh bitter gourd is an excellent source of folate around 72 mg/100 g (18% of RDA). Folate, when taken by the mother during the early time of pregnancy will help reduce the incidence of neural tube defects in the newborn baby.
  3. Vitamin C – Fresh bitter gourd is an excellent source of vitamin C (100 g of raw bitter gourd provides 84 mg or about 140% of the RDI). Benefits of vitamin C is one of the powerful natural antioxidants and helps bind free radicals that damage the human body.
  4. Flavanoid – Flavonoids are an excellent source for health. Benefits of flavonoids such as -carotene, -carotene, lutein, and zeaxanthin. It also contains a significant amount of vitamin A. These compounds help act to protect against free oxygen-derived radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) that play a role in aging, cancer and various diseases.
  5. Vitamin B Kompleks In addition, bitter melon is a moderate source of B-complex vitamins such as niacin (vitamin B-3), pantothenic acid (vitamin B-5), pyridoxine (vitamin B-6) and minerals such as iron, zinc, potassium, manganese and magnesium. .
  6. Fiber – Bitter melon can stimulate easy digestion and peristalsis of food through the intestines until it is excreted in the body. Thus, it will help in reducing indigestion and constipation problems.
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Pare Complete Nutrition Content

pare nutrient content

Benefits of bitter melon for skin and hair

Bitter gourd is a natural blood purifier, helping to improve the appearance of the skin. Apart from being beneficial for the skin and health, bitter melon is also effective in treating hair problems and making them live long. Here are the benefits of bitter melon for skin and hair:

1. Prevents Skin Problems

The benefits of bitter melon can treat skin diseases or skin infections, eczema, and psoriasis. Regular consumption of bitter melon juice helps the body improve the condition of psoriasis as well as other fungal infections such as ringworm.

2. Anti Aging

Bitter gourd contains vitamin C, which is a natural antioxidant. Antioxidants will fight and eliminate harmful free radicals. Antioxidants help to prevent wrinkles by slowing down the aging process. It also protects the skin from damage by the sun’s ultraviolet rays.

3. Shiny Hair

To give your hair a natural shine, mix a cup of fresh bitter gourd juice with yogurt and apply it on your hair. Wash hair after a while, to make hair shiny and beautiful.

4. Anti Dandruff

Dandruff is a common problem and is mostly caused due to consumption of unhealthy food and exposure to pollution. To ward off dandruff, you can try hair treatments with a mixture of bitter melon and cumin seeds. Do this hair treatment for 1 month, to get rid of dandruff.

5. Overcoming Dry and Itchy Scalp

To combat dry hair and an itchy scalp, rub a piece of bitter melon over the scalp and massage in circular motions, then rinse with clear water. To reduce itching, do a hair treatment with a mixture of bitter gourd with avocado benefits or banana benefits as a hair mask and apply to the scalp. Do this at least once a week to get rid of itchy scalp.

6. Overcome Oily Hair

Increased intake of oily food can lead to the accumulation of excess oil in the hair. If you have oily hair, you must first limit the consumption of oily foods. Apply a mixture of bitter gourd juice and apple cider vinegar benefits to get rid of excess oil on the hair.

7. Overcoming Coarse and Tangled Hair

Having coarse and frizzy hair can be very difficult to manage, but bitter gourd juice can help with this problem. A cup of bitter melon juice can be applied to the hair for 10 to 15 minutes, then rinse the hair. This will help improve the texture of the hair, making it soft and shiny.

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8. Super powerful for overcoming diabetes

Pare contains Phytonutrients and Polypeptide-P which are very effective as insulin which can function to lower blood sugar levels in the body. Consumption of bitter melon can also prevent blood sugar from rising for those of you with pre-diabetes.

9. Overcoming breathing problems

Bitter gourd is one of the vegetable herbs that can be used to treat various respiratory problems such as asthma, coughs, and colds.

10. Caring for the contents and during pregnancy

Pare contains sufficient folic acid to maintain pregnancy, fetus, and fetal development so that it grows and develops until the day of birth.

11. Treating malaria

This deadly disease can be helped by consuming bitter melon, the carbohydrate and albiminoid content in bitter melon helps reduce malaria.

12. Overcome free radicals

Pare has a fairly high antioxidant content, we know antioxidant benefits itself is very important to prevent and overcome free radicals.

13. HIV treatment

Amazing!!! that’s what can be described for this pare. Early laboratory tests suggest that certain phytochemical compounds in the bitter sap may be effective in the treatment of HIV infection.

14. Premature Aging

In addition to the benefits of exercise which can certainly overcome and prevent premature aging, it turns out that flavonoid compounds can prevent premature aging.

15. Prevent cancer

Still contain flavonoids which are quite effective in preventing cancer, regular consumption of bitter melon can also help prevent various types of cancer. This is due to its ability to overcome free radicals in the body.

16. Helping the intelligence of the fetus

The high content of folic acid can help the intelligence of the fetus in the womb, besides of course it can help keep the fetus healthy for up to 9 months.

17. Low Calorie, good for you who are on a diet

Pare is a type of vegetable that is quite low in calories compared to other types of vegetables. Very suitable for those of you who want to diet.

18. Good for the liver and various cell tissues in the body

Bitter gourd contains Charantin which can help increase glucose uptake and glycogen synthesis in liver, muscle, and fat (adipose) tissue cells.

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19. Helps maintain nutritional balance

Pare is a vegetable that is rich in minerals, antioxidants and vitamins that are very complete for the body’s needs. Consuming bitter melon can help maintain a nutritional balance in meeting the number of human nutritional needs.

20. Helps the formation of muscles and cells

Uniquely, pare can also help the formation of muscles and cells through the protein content found in a pare fruit.

21. Super powerful for the eyes

Who doesn’t know the benefits of vitamin A for health and the benefits of vitamin A for the eyes known for hundreds of years. The effect of this vitamin A content is also quite high in bitter melon, so consuming bitter melon regularly can help keep your eyes healthy.

Other powerful benefits of bitter melon

From the content of vitamin C

  • Fight cancer cells
  • Prevent heart attack
  • Prevent the rise of high blood pressure
  • Reduce cold complications
  • Improve mood
  • Repair dead skin cells

From the iron content

  • Carry oxygen throughout the body
  • Prevent anemia
  • Body temperature regulator
  • Boost the immune system
  • Helps brain function

From Vitamin A Content

  • Super powerful to sharpen eyesight
  • Inhibits the movement of cancer cells
  • Strengthens baby’s placenta
  • Healthy male reproductive health
  • Healthy nasal cavity

Side Effects Pare

Bitter gourd is probably safe for most people, when taken in the short term. The safety of long-term use (above 3 months) is unknown. Also, there is not enough information about the safety of consuming other parts of bitter melon. Some precautions and special measures for the use of bitter melon vegetables, including for:

Pregnant and Breastfeeding Mothers – Bitter gourd is POSSIBLY UNSAFE when taken during pregnancy. Certain chemicals in the meat and grains can initiate menstruation and cause abortion in animals. Not enough is known about the safety of using bitter melon during breastfeeding. Still for the security side, it’s better to avoid using it.

Diabetics Bitter melon can lower blood sugar levels, but be careful if taking bitter melon to lower blood sugar, because adding bitter melon can make the blood sugar drop too low. Monitor blood sugar conditions more carefully.

Will Undergo Surgical Operation – There is concern that bitter melon could interfere with blood sugar control during and after surgery. Stop consuming bitter melon at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.

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