The trend of using herbal medicines to maintain health or cure illness is currently mushrooming and becoming a trend in Indonesia. Modern society is starting to use herbal medicine, because of the minimal side effects compared to chemical drugs.
Not surprisingly, now herbal medicine clinics, herbal medicine shops, even doctors who call themselves herbal doctors are starting to appear. The competition in the herbal medicine business is getting higher and higher. Herbal Medicine Stores are starting to mushroom in Indonesia, both offline and online.
Currently, almost 25% of the Indonesian pharmaceutical market is controlled by herbal medicines. Its rapid development led to the conclusion that consumers are starting to think back to nature.
There are many reasons why medicines made from natural ingredients are being looked at again, one of which is changes in the environment, human behavior and the development of disease patterns. In fact, each country has a budget that can be used to help treat the population, using conventional treatment methods, but there are also diseases that require additional therapy as a companion, one of which is herbal medicine.
The development of herbal medicines which is increasingly mushrooming is certainly very beneficial for Indonesia, as one of the countries with many natural resources. Moreover, Indonesia is known to have a cultural heritage of traditional medicine, which dates back centuries. For example, herbal medicine, almost all foreign residents say that this traditional medicine is a traditional Indonesian medicine.
Herbal medicine penetrated developed countries. WHO records about 65% of drug consumers in developed countries, starting to try herbal products (Directorate General of Binfar, Ministry of Health)
After Brazil, Indonesia is in the second position, as a country with a lot of biodiversity. Indonesia has about 25,000 to 30,000 plant species, which are 80 percent of the world’s plant species and 90 percent of Asia’s plant species.
Government Support, Private Opportunity
Unfortunately, of the many plants in Indonesia, only about 200-300 plants can be used as medicinal plants. In this case the budget constraint remains the number one reason. Indeed, to develop herbal medicines is not cheap, it takes a long research and research and usually costs a lot. In addition, the government’s current concentration is still on conventional products, and it is also not the development of new drugs, but only product development that is me too. This is clearly concerning for the health community, because Indonesia’s status is one of the countries with the largest biological resources in the world.
One way for herbal medicines to develop in accordance with existing quality standards is to invite the role of the private sector. The shift in the focus of private drug industry production from conventional to herbal patterns can be a spur for traditional medicine to develop rapidly. The government may do push (encouraging) the private sector to intensively conduct research to develop herbal medicines in Indonesia towards phytopharmaceuticals. However, apart from the government’s encouragement, it is also necessary to consider appropriate forms of incentives for private parties who have succeeded in developing these products to the phytopharmaceutical level.
Tags benefit of meals