What comes to mind when we hear the word bran? Bran, rancid smell, musty rice waste, fodder, dirty. Most people equate bran with bran. In fact, rice bran and bran are different. Bran is the first rice milling/pulverizing waste. Meanwhile, rice bran is the remainder of the second pounding/milling of rice (rice husk). When the rice is milled, the rice husk, which we usually know as the grain, separates from the grain. The grains of rice that we usually eat are called rice endosperm. The bran is the layer that lines the endosperm. Rice bran powder is generally light brown in color and has a slightly sweet taste.
Rice bran content
Here is the vitamin content in rice bran in levels, ppm (dry weight). Ppm (parts per million) equals mg/kg. This list is sourced from Barber and Benedito de Barber, 1980.
- Vitamin A = 4.2
- Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) = 10.1 – 27.9
- Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) = 1,7 – 3,4
- Vitamin B3 (Niasin) = 236 – 590
- Vitamin B12 = 0.005
- Vitamin E (tocopherol) = 149
- Biotin = 0,16 – 0,60
- Inositol = 4.627 – 9.270
- Pyridoxine = 10.3 – 32.1
- Choline = 1,279 – 1,700
- Pantothenic acid = 27.7 – 71.3
- Folic Acid = 0.50 – 1.46
- p-Asam Aminobenzoat = 0,75
Quite a lot is not the content of this bran? However, rice bran also contains an unpleasant odor, this condition arises when the material is damaged. Please note that rice bran is easily damaged. The rancid smell will evaporate when the bran is damaged. Then, is there a way to make this material last longer? Of course there is! Here are some ways to preserve rice bran:
- Roast – Roasting rice bran means frying it without oil with continuous stirring for about ten minutes. But we need to be careful, if we neglect a little bran, it will burn or turn dark brown in color. Before roasting, don’t forget to make sure the rice bran powder is fine (filtered). The benefits of roasted bran include, for a mixture of snacks or pastries (cakes that do not need development).
- Using High Temperature Short Time System – This is an effective technology for preserving rice bran. However, it is rarely used because of its higher cost.
- Steam The trick, steamed rice bran for thirty minutes and then dried. After the bran powder is completely dry, it is cooled.
Rice bran is widely used for the treatment of various diseases. Here are some of them:
1. Lowers Bad Cholesterol
Which plays an important role in lowering cholesterol is the content of tocotrienols. Tocotrienols function to inhibit the work of enzymes that can accumulate cholesterol in the body. Rice bran is also a good source of dietary fiber to facilitate digestion. The ability of dietary fiber is to bind bile acids which will later come out with the feces.
If the consumption of dietary fiber continues, the bile acids that come out with the feces are also increasing. This is what spurs the change of cholesterol into bile acids which have an impact on decreasing cholesterol levels. Here are other types of anti-cholesterol herbs:
2. Fat Metabolism
Fractions of bran fat have been shown to reduce the amount of blood fat, both in humans and animals.
3. Make Digestion So Healthy
Rice bran which is rich in dietary fiber (dietary fiber) will facilitate the digestive process. Herbs for healthy digestion are:
4. Good for Diabetics
As we know, the content of dietary fiber in rice bran is very good for diabetics. It is recommended to be used as a daily diet. When consumed for the first time usually causes diarrhea, but don’t worry. Because this condition will not last long. Diabetes can also be treated by consuming:
5. Overcoming Calcification of Blood Vessels
Vitamin B15 has a chemical structure Glucono-dimethy-lamino-acetic-acid. The content of this vitamin can also overcome calcification of blood vessels.
6. Good for Autism Sufferers
Pagamic acid, which we usually know as vitamin B15, is contained in bran, be it rice bran, wheat bran, oatmeal, or corn. In a study, if we routinely give pagamic acid 50-100 mg three times a day, it can cure people with autism.
7. Fights Free Radicals and Cancer
Free radicals can cause premature aging. Content antioxidant benefits in bran is useful to fight free radicals in our body. In addition, rice bran is rich in vitamin E (tocopherols and tocotrienols) which can fight free radicals which also cause cancer. Tocotrienols are very hard to find, but very much and only in bran can we find.
8. Overcoming Achy Muscles
Back to the content of vitamin B15, if the consumption of the vitamin is in accordance with the dose, it will meet the oxygen needs of our body’s muscles. Accumulation of lactic acid in the body causes aches. Vitamin B15 can neutralize lactic acid.
9. Heart Health
Content the benefits of vitamin B, namely vitamin B15 in rice bran is useful as a form of certain amino acids that can overcome the lack of oxygen in the muscles, including the heart muscle. Other herbs that can maintain heart health, namely:
10. Improve Liver Function
Vitamin B15 in rice bran can also treat liver disease. A country that consumes a lot of rice bran for various diseases, one of which is Russia.
11. Overcoming Beri-Beri
Vitamin B1 which is widely contained in rice bran is effective for the treatment of beriberi. It is evident in animals (chickens) that eat a lot of milled rice but still contain rice bran, signs of beriberi are rarely found.
12. Nervous Disorder
Vitamins B1 and B2 in rice bran are useful for preventing nerve pain. Consumption of the following foods is also able to nourish the nerves:
Eat bran every day on a regular basis, good for asthmatics. Because his asthma will rarely relapse. However, when he stopped consuming rice bran, his asthma could recur. Vitamin B15 present in rice bran can provoke the formation of anti-asthma substances.
13. Friendly to the body
Rice bran does not contain harmful ingredients such as dyes, sweeteners, or preservatives, so it is very safe for consumption.
14. Boosts Immune
As already discussed, immunity is closely related to antioxidants. Rice bran contains extraordinary antioxidants (super antioxidants) which of course if consumed properly and regularly will support our immune system. Consumption of the following foods is also able to support the immune system, such as:
Tips for Consumption of Rice bran
In the past, rural people used a mortar to pound rice, so that the bran was still attached to the grain of rice. The rice that still contains rice bran is consumed every day. So it is not surprising that the ancient villagers were resistant to various diseases, and had strong stamina. Rice bran is also widely used for snacks (additional foods) such as Pepes or added to porridge.
Here’s how to consume healthy rice bran:
- Obesity (overweight): three times a day, two tablespoons full (munjung) use low-calorie sugar.
- Complementary food for doctor’s medicine. For those who are being treated (medication) may consume rice bran while still taking medicine from the doctor. Eat bran twice a day as much as one tablespoon (30 grams). That is one spoon in the morning and one spoon in the afternoon.
- Body stamina: a day a tablespoon (30 grams), brewed with a glass of hot water.
Rice bran mixture in cooking:
- Rice bran can be added with wheat flour to increase the fiber content of the food. This mixture is very good for making sweet breads, dry breads, steamed cakes, omelet rolls, and other foods that use flour.
- Rice bran can be mixed in rice flour which will be processed into a variety of delicious foods such as cucur cakes.
- Rice bran can also be mixed into soup, green bean porridge, chocolate milk, coconut milk.
Side Effects of Eating Rice bran
- Can cause diarrhea the first time you take it.
- Sometimes it’s hard to defecate if you eat too much (rare cases) because that’s why multiply fruits and vegetables.
- Be careful for people with ulcers, eating a lot of rice bran directly can cause nausea. Eat rice bran watered or added with other foods (eg gelatin, soup, porridge). If the consumption is correct, the ulcer can subside.
However, with the development of the times, the villagers now no longer use a mortar to pound rice. There is already a rice milling tool that is more practical, fast, and cheap. The milling process will not leave bran in the rice grains.
Finally, the waste from the rice mill in the form of bran and rice bran is sold only for animal feed. For this reason, rural people are no longer different from urban people who are prone to various chronic diseases such as heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, liver, cholesterol. Rice bran is a nutrient-rich food, so consume it regularly. In order to get maximum results.