15 Benefits of Kundur Fruit for Health and Side Effects

Kundur fruit is often known by the name of beligo or baligo fruit, which is a type of fruit whose trees grow vines. Kundur belongs to the genus benincasa and family cucurbitaceae. By society, it is commonly used as a vegetable.

Kundur Fruit Plant

The fruit with the Latin name Benincasa hispida has different names in Indonesian society, in Aceh it is known as kundo, in Batak it is known as gundur, in Minangkabau kundus, in Lampung it is known as serdak, in Javanese society it is called beligo, in Madura it is known as kondur, in NTT it is called Lela, while on the island of Timor it is known as komelingan.

Characteristics of gooseberries

benefits of gourd

  • Fruit skin feels smooth
  • When still unripe, the skin of the fruit has fine hairs, and when it is old or ripe, the hairs will disappear
  • The shape of the fruit is round and elongated, can reach two meters
  • The trunk is woody, soft, hairy, and green
  • Growing vines or creeping on the ground
  • It has a single round leaf with a pointed tip with a length ranging from 10-17 cm and a width ranging from 9-15 cm
  • Round leaf stalks are green with a length of 10-15 cm.
  • Single-flowered with funnel-shaped petals, has a canap, smooth, green. The pistil and the crown are yellow, have fine hairs.
  • It has hard, flat and white seeds with a length ranging from 6-7 mm and a width of 5-6 mm
  • Single rooted with dirty white color

Nutritional content

Kundur fruit or beligo is a kind of annual plant that has a long life span if cared for properly. The following is a list of nutrients that we can get in every 100 grams of kundur fruit:

  • Air = 97%
  • Energy = 13 kcal
  • Protein = 0,4 gr
  • Fat = 0.2 gr
  • Carbohydrate = 3.0 gr
  • Kalsium = 19 mg
  • Fosfor = 19mg
  • Iron = 0.4 mg
  • Magnesium = 10 mg
  • Seng = 0.058 mg
  • Sodium = 111 mg
  • Zinc = 0,61 mg
  • Vitamin A = 0
  • Vitamin B1 = 0,04 mg
  • Vitamin B2 = 0.11 mg
  • Vitamin B3 = 0.4 mg
  • Vitamin B5 = 0,133 mg
  • Vitamin B6 = 0,035 mg
  • Vitamin C = 14 mg
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In addition to being used as an ingredient for making vegetables, it turns out that kundur fruit can also be used as a drink, by taking the extract of the kundur as juice. Here are some of the benefits of kundur fruit:

1. Can cool the body

Kundur fruit is very rich in water, the water content in beligo fruit reaches 97%. As we all know, that water is one of the most important components in the body, most of our body consists of the water element. One of water benefits for the body, namely as a regulatory substance. In addition, water also plays a very important role in dissolving food substances and helping the absorption of nutrients for the body. Therefore, kundur fruit is believed to be able to overcome the symptoms of heartburn, fever, sore throat, and chapped lips.

2. Lower cholesterol

Cholesterol is a metabolite that contains sterol fats in cell membranes that are circulated in the blood. Kundur fruit contains high enough fiber, but the level of calorie content in it is quite low. The fiber content serves to help the absorption of carbohydrates and fats in the body, as well as helping the disposal of the remnants of food substances that have been absorbed by the body in the form of feces.

3. Lowering blood sugar

A research result shows that the benefits of kundur fruit, can reduce blood sugar levels in patients with diabetes mellitus. The decrease in sugar levels is caused by a decrease in the amount of carbohydrates absorbed by the body, as well as an increase in insulin reactivity that occurs due to the phytochemicals contained in the gourd.

4. Lose weight

Kundur fruit has a fairly low calorie content. Of the 100 g serving only contributes 13 kcal calories. Therefore, dietitians highly recommend gourd for a weight loss program.

5. Lowers the risk of cancer

One of the advantages of kundur fruit is that it contains the benefits of vitamin C which acts as a natural antioxidant in the body. The function of vitamin C in gourd is useful to help ward off free radicals that increase the risk of developing cancer.

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6. Overcoming constipation

The water content in kundur fruit is useful for helping the digestive process by facilitating the movement of food in the intestines, so that it will be removed from the body in the form of feces.

7. Protects the body’s digestive system

Kundur fruit has intestinal strengthening properties. The anabolic activity of gourd seeds helps for the growth of new tissue. The water and fiber nutrients in it have acidity balancing properties. So when indigestion occurs or during hyper acidity, one alternative to overcome it is to drink kundur fruit juice. The benefits of fruit also have alkaline balancing properties in the body and intestines.

8. Eliminate toxins in the body

Consuming kundur fruit juice can help the body neutralize toxins in the body, which are carried by food, drink or the air we breathe. It is the same as:

9. Increase urine production

In summer, we are often dehydrated. This is due to excessive sweat production, which will have an impact on problems when urinating. Intake of gourd juice can help balance the water level in the body. This will help increase urine secretion.

10. Anti-inflammatory

Inflammation occurs due to several things, such as air allergies or food allergies. The anti-inflammatory content in kundur fruit can help relieve this situation.

11. Treat asthma

Kundur fruit has balancing properties of vata, pitta and kapha (tridosha balance). Because these properties help the body to get a cold sensation on the body. It is also useful for treating asthma, as in other traditional medicines, namely:

12. Overcoming insomnia

A person affected by insomnia can be caused by various reasons such as stress, workload, tension, or other reasons. The benefits of kundur fruit that are consumed regularly can overcome these disorders.

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13. Healthy kidney organs

Researchers from the Institute of Feed and Food, Jiangsu Academy of Agriculture Science, China stated that the juice and extract of gourd fruit have been shown to increase urination. This will reduce the percentage of kidney damage and lower creatinine levels significantly.

14. Cure inflammation of the intestines and stomach

The anti-ulcerogenic properties contained in the benefits of kundur fruit, can cure intestinal inflammation caused by internal heat and reduce stomach inflammation caused by stress. Other herbal remedies that can be used for colitis, also come from:

15. Cure edema

Edema is swelling that occurs in the feet or ankles caused by an abnormal buildup of fluid in the tissues. Consuming gourd fruit regularly, is believed to be able to reduce these symptoms.

Kundur fruit side effects

In addition to bringing many benefits, the content of kundur fruit can also cause some side effects for the body, including:

  • The cold effect that is in the kundur fruit is not very good for rheumatic sufferers. So that it can increase the pain in the patient’s body.
  • Kundur fruit that is still young contains a lot of calcium oxalate which can cause irritation in the mouth. To prevent this, the kundur fruit must first be cleaned of the sap before processing with salt water mixed with whiting.
  • For someone with a history of kidney disorders, it is better to avoid consuming kundur fruit. This is because the content of calcium oxalate in gourd, can form kidney stones.

Water is the main content of kundur fruit, where its use is to regulate body temperature. In addition, kundur fruit is rich in fiber and good calories to facilitate a diet program and can reduce cholesterol levels and blood sugar levels. This is what makes this fruit suitable for consumption of all ages, but don’t overdo it so that the danger of side effects does not happen to you.

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