If we hear the name Srikaya, then most of us who hear it will be drawn to or remembered a fruit. Yes, srikaya is one type of fruit which in Latin is called Annona Squamosa, or srikaya fruit in everyday life is also commonly called the Miss Fruit or Mona. This srikaya fruit or miss fruit is one type of fruiting plant originating from the tropics, and if we are in a scientific classification, this srikaya fruit is also a fruit that belongs to the genus Annona.
Srikaya fruit is a fruit that has a distinctive shape when compared to other fruits in general. It tastes sweet and delicious to consume, making it a fan of its own.
Characteristics of Srikaya Fruit
Srikaya fruit is a fruit that is quite easy to find. If we go to the market or fruit shop, the fruit is quite easy to find. Enough fans make it widely sold in the community. In fact, it is not uncommon for people to have their own fruit trees. But so far we only know srikaya as a plant that has fruit that can be consumed while not really understanding about the characteristics of the fruit itself. Here are the characteristics of srikaya:
- Srikaya has white flesh. If the srikaya fruit is ripe it will have a sweet taste and will have shiny black seeds.
- This srikaya fruit or miss fruit has a round shape. The skin of the fruit has a characteristic – it has skin with eyes (spots) resembling quite a lot of bumps and fills the skin of the fruit (almost like soursop fruit).
- Srikaya has 3-5 flowers that appear in bunches. The flowers of srikaya each have a width of about 2 – 3 cm, with six petals or petals, the color is yellow-green and small purple spots at the base.
- The srikaya fruit is generally round and slightly conical. The average srikaya fruit has a diameter of 5-10 cm.
- The sugar apple tree is able to grow on dry soil, and just like other plants, the sugar apple also needs direct sunlight.
- On average, the sugar apple tree will bear normal fruit when it is around 3-5 years old.
- The srikaya tree has a height ranging from 2-3 meters. The sugar apple tree has a grayish color and the bark is quite thin.
- The sugar apple tree has alternate, javelin and longitudinal leaves with a length ranging from 6-12 cm and a width of 3-4 cm.
We have mentioned above some of the characteristics of srikaya in general. For the measurements described, from leaf size to tree height, they are only average in general for sugar apple trees. These sizes may be found different later on. Of course this is caused by many factors that influence it, both from natural factors and human factors.
Examples of several factors are the fertility of the soil where the sugar apple tree is planted, extreme weather changes, and the age of the sugar apple tree itself. The human factor is undeniable. Because not infrequently an ecosystem can be damaged due to irresponsible human activities.
Contents of Srikaya Tree
Trees consist of plant components that are quite important, one of which is the bark and roots. The bark and roots of the sugar apple tree contain many ingredients that are quite beneficial for human life, although some of the content of the sugar apple tree is also contained in other plants. The content of the roots and bark of the srikaya tree include:
- Alkaloid anonain
The content in the roots is not much different from the content of tree bark, namely…
- Alkaloid anonain
Benefits of Srikaya Tree Root and Bark
From the contents of the roots and bark of the sugar apple tree, it is clear that parts of the sugar apple tree, namely the roots and bark of the sugar apple tree, have good benefits to be used as herbal medicines in life.
The benefits that we can take from the roots of the sugar apple tree, are:
- Overcoming constipation,
- Help the healing process of acute dysentery,
- Relieve mental depression,
- Reducing the level of bone pain in the back.
Benefits of Tree Bark:
The benefits of srikaya tree bark are:
- treat diarrhea,
- As an external medicine it can be used to treat bleeding wounds.
Contents of Srikaya Seeds and Leaves
In the seeds of srikaya fruit there are polyketide compounds and lin compounds, namely compounds derived from bistetrahydrofuran, acetogenin (squamostatin C, D, anonain, anonasin A, anonin 1, IV, VI, VIII, IX, XVI, squaamostatin A, bolasin, squamone, squamone). , ncoanonin B, neo desacetiluraracin, neo reticulation A, squaamosten A, asmicin, squamosin, sanonacin, anonastatin, neoanonine). In addition, it was also found ranging from squamosisnin A, squamosin B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, to squamosisnin N; squamostatin B, proteins, amino acids and fatty acids. Meanwhile, the composition of fatty acids that make up the fatty oil of srikaya seed consists of methyl linoleate, methyl palmitate and methyl stearate.
In addition to tree bark, roots and seeds, srikaya leaves also contain chemical compounds, namely the content of p-hydroxybenzyl-6,7-dihydroxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisokinolin (demethylcolaurin = hygenamine), and tetrahydro isoquinoline alkaloids.
Benefits of Srikaya Seeds and Leaves
Srikaya fruit seeds can be used to treat:
- Patients with weak digestion
- Worms (usually for children), and
- Kills head lice and insects.
While srikaya leaves can be used to treat:
- Worms, head lice,
- Lowering uric acid levels and high blood pressure,
- Diarrhea, dysentery,
- Rectal prolapse in children
- Cough or fever,
- For external use, namely: for ulcers, wounds, boils, scabies, scabies, and eczema.
Contents of Srikaya Fruit
After the above we know the content and benefits, both from the roots, bark, seeds, and leaves of sriakaya. Now we come to the part of the contents found in the fruit of srikaya. As for the content contained in the fruit of srikaya, namely:
- Amino acids
- Fruit sugar
- As for the srikaya fruit which is still young, it contains tannins
Furthermore, we will find out the nutrient content found in srikaya fruit with a dose of 100 grams, the nutrient contents include:
- Total Carbohydrate Content of Srikaya Fruit = 13.9 grams
- Total Energy Content of Srikaya Fruit = 63 kcal
- Total Protein Content of Srikaya Fruit = 1.1 grams
- Total Vitamin C Content of Srikaya Fruit = 28.3 milligrams
- Total Calcium Content of Srikaya Fruit = 127 milligrams
- Total Iron Content of Srikaya Fruit = 2.7 milligrams
- Total Vitamin B1 Content of Srikaya Fruit = 0.08 milligrams
- Total Phosphorus Content of Srikaya Fruit = 30 milligrams
- Total Fat Content of Srikaya Fruit = 0.5 gram
Benefits of Srikaya Fruit
1. Lowers High Cholesterol
Srikaya which has quite a lot of niacin content so that srikaya fruit is able to lower cholesterol levels for people with cholesterol. Regular consumption of this fruit will help reduce cholesterol levels in the human body.
Good for other cholesterol:
2. Very good for digestion
Srikaya fruit contains high fiber, this content makes it good for consumption for people with constipation because the fiber will be able to facilitate digestion in humans.
Other herbs for digestion:
3. Good for Diabetics
In addition to facilitating digestion, the fiber contained in srikaya can slow the rate of absorption of blood sugar in the human body so that it can prevent us from diabetes.
Good for diabetes:
4. Srikaya as diarrhea medicine
The young srikaya fruit is able to treat diarrhea, the content of various vitamins and minerals contained in the srikaya fruit is very effective to help cure diarrhea.
Other herbs for diarrhea:
5. Prevent Asthma
With the content of vitamin C that is owned by srikaya fruit, of course this can make srikaya a prevention of several diseases, such as asthma. This is because vitamin C is a type of antioxidant.
Good for preventing asthma:
6. Lowering Hypertension
The potassium content in srikaya will play a role in lowering blood pressure in the human body. Regular consumption of srikaya fruit is very effective in helping lower high blood pressure.
Good for hypertension:
7. Prevent Heart Disease and Stroke
Srikaya fruit contains B vitamins so that it can prevent the development of homocysteine, where large amounts of homocysteine can cause stroke and coronary heart disease.
Good for preventing heart disease and stroke:
8. Maintain healthy bones and teeth
Srikaya fruit also contains magnesium. So that the magnesium that we get from srikaya can help in maintaining bone density.
Good for bones and teeth:
Toxic Substance in Srikaya
Srikaya is often used as an anti-pest or poison for pests because it contains a poison called annonain and resin. Annonain is most commonly found in sugar apple seeds. Therefore, the process of making herbal medicines made from fruit or other parts of srikaya which is carried out properly must be in the right procedure and carried out by people who are experts in their fields. Because it does not rule out the poison will actually harm the human body. Even the concoction of srikaya fruit until now is strictly prohibited for mothers who are pregnant (pregnant).
Important Notes and Suggestions
It is important to note that:
- Mothers who are pregnant (pregnant) are strictly prohibited to drink or use boiled water made from srikaya as herbal medicine, be it from seeds, leaves, tree bark, roots, and even the fruit.
- If you make herbal medicines, especially for medicines you drink in the form of boiled water, be careful when processing the seeds, bark and roots of the sugar apple tree, because they contain poison.
- It would be wise if the use of leaves, seeds, roots, tree bark to fruit as processed herbal medicines is accompanied or under the direction of experienced herbalists in their fields.
In this article we have been introduced to what is srikaya fruit. Srikaya is not only a fruit that can be consumed. But there are many other benefits that we can get besides just consuming it. There are many ingredients that can certainly be used, be it from roots, tree bark, leaves, seeds, and srikaya fruit. Such as protein, calcium, iron, and various types of vitamins and other chemical compounds.
But in addition to the beneficial content contained in srikaya, there are also toxins that are certainly not good for the human body. The poison is called annonain and resin, the poison is mostly in the seeds of the srikaya fruit. Referring to the three points in the important notes, it is highly recommended or required for assistance and supervision from herbalists who are professional in their fields, in the processing and using processed sugar apples, be it leaves, seeds, tree bark, roots and fruit as herbal medicine. This is of course for the good of others.