Carapu fish is a type of carnivorous fish that lives around coral reefs and can control the food chain by stabilizing the balance of the underwater ecosystem. In addition, karapu fish meat is also in great demand by fish lovers because of its delicious taste. This makes the grouper fish overexploited so that their population is decreasing every year. The grouper will enter production maturity after reaching 5 – 10 years which causes their population to be vulnerable to survive for a long time before reaching the production period. To overcome this problem, the cultivation of karapu fish needs to be further intensified in order to meet market demand without damaging the marine ecosystem.
Classification of Karapu Fish
The grouper has 15 genera which consist of 159 species. The data obtained shows the classification of grouper into several classes. In fact, 110 species of grouper fish have been found in the Indo-Pacific waters. The original habitat of this karapu fish is around coral reefs and usually camouflages through the crevices of coral reefs to outwit their prey. Grouper fish will swim around coral reefs in tropical oceans and prey on small fish that move or swim actively in the water. To get to know the grouper deeper, here are the classifications:
- Kingdom :Animalia
- Klas :Pisces
- Sub kla :Teleostei
- Order :Percomorphs
- Sub order: Percoidea
- Division :Perciform
- Family: Serranidea
- Sub family: Epinephelinea
- Genus : Epinephelus
- Spesies : Epinephelus fuscoguttatus
- Family: Serranidea
- Sub family: Epinephelinea
- Genus : Epinephelus
- Spesies : Epinephelus fuscoguttatuS
Types of Karapu
The body of the fish is low with a long, slightly flattened snout, a wide maxillary on the outside of the eyes and spots on the head, body and fins of the karapu fish which have a white-brown color. However, each type of karapu fish generally has a slightly different shape, although it is similar from one species to another. the following types are classified:
- Batik Karapu Fish with Scientific Name polyphakeion syn. E. Microdon
- Kertang Karapu Fish with Scientific Names Epinephelus lanceolatus
- Karapu Sunuk Fish, red, lodi with Scientific Name Plectropomus leopardus
- Mud Karapu Fish with Scientific Name Epinephelus bleekeri
- Tiger Karapu Fish with Scientific Name Fuscogutatus
- Estuary Karapu Fish with Scientific Names Coioides
- Rat Karapu Fish or Duck Karapu Fish with Scientific Names Chromileptes altivelis
- Karapu Cantang fish which is a hybrid between genus lanceolatus and E. Fuscoguttatus
- Beautiful Karapu fish which is a hybrid between genus fuscoguttatus and E. Macrodon
Content of Karapu Fish
Carapu fish has several ingredients that are beneficial for the health of the body, namely avoiding coronary heart disease and being able to increase brain intelligence. Some processed karapu fish can even be used as a delicious menu and rich in benefits for the body. To find out what are the benefits of karapu fish, we need to know some of the content contained in karapu fish
The following is the nutritional content of Karapu Fish with a dose of 100 grams:
- Total Energy Content of Grouper = 168 kcal
- Total Content protein benefits Grouper = 32.4 gr
- Total Fat Content of Grouper = 1.2 gr
- Total Content the benefits of carbohydrates Grouper = 4.5 gr
- Total Content calcium benefits Grouper = 320 mg
- Total Phosphorus Content of Grouper Fish = 343 mg
- Total Content iron benefits Grouper = 6 mg
- Total Content the benefits of vitamin A Grouper = 0 IU
- Total Vitamin B1 Content of Grouper = 0.01 mg
- Total Content the benefits of vitamin C Grouper = 0 mg
Benefits of Karapu Fish in General
Carapu fish is a type of fish that can be consumed up to 70% of all body parts. The delicacy of karapu meat and the length of the productivity process make this fish very attractive to consumers, so the price is quite expensive. The content of unsaturated fatty acids or omega 3 benefits in grouper fish can even help increase brain intelligence. The body needs essential fatty acid intake consisting of omega 3 and DHA benefits because the body cannot form it independently. The intake of some of the nutritional content contained in the carapu fish meat will be a positive stimulant that is beneficial for the power of brain memory. Another benefit in the health sector is that it can prevent the body from coronary heart disease and permanent disability due to a heart attack or stroke.
Carapu fish have a distinctive and unique shape from other types of fish that live in the waters. The content contained in the body of this karapu fish can make us avoid coronary heart disease and increase brain intelligence. Another thing about grouper fish is that it has a high economic value because it is an export commodity and causes many groupers to be cultivated. However, there are risks involved in grouper fish if consumed in excessive amounts. Recent research has found mercury content in the meat of grouper fish. The content will cause a negative impact if it enters the human body.
Consumption fish benefits others are also able to educate the brain, especially for children such as:
Carapu fish is a type of fish that is in great demand by the international market because of its properties and benefits. Cultivation that is done can make the price of karapu fish increase due to high market demand. In general, this grouper is used as an export commodity for consumption and ornamental fish needs. Karapu fish meat is very famous for its delicacy, while in some types of karapu fish can be used as a snack ornamental fish benefits because of its distinctive physical form.
In their natural habitat, grouper fish that live around coral reefs are even threatened for their survival due to overexploitation. For this reason, the cultivation of grouper fish is useful in order to maintain population stability and is profitable from an economic point of view.
other types of fish that have economic power such as:
The quality of karapu fish meat is already well known to the international market, so it is only natural that market demand is increasing every year. Various processed seafood using karapu fish meat are even very popular with consumers. In general, karapu fish is processed as a seafood menu by burning. However, other processing methods that use the basic ingredients of karapu fish meat are starting to mushroom on the market. Various complementary ingredients such as mushrooms, peppers and various vegetables are suitable to be combined with the carapu meat. Here are some variations of processed foods made from karapu fish:
- Grilled karapu fish in spicy or sweet and sour sauce
- Steamed grouper
- Spicy sour grouper fish soup
not only karapu fish, but the following fish are also often made into delicious kuliber:
The Dangers of Consuming Carapu Fish When Pregnant? What caused it?
Pregnant women need a higher intake of nutrients and nutrients than usual, but it is very important to pay attention to all aspects and impacts of the food consumed for the fetus. Especially in the first trimester of pregnancy where fetal brain development begins to form, it will become very sensitive to all substances that enter the body. Carapu fish is not recommended for consumption for pregnant women because of the high mercury content in the meat. Mercury is a pollutant content that has the potential to inhibit the development of the fetal central nervous system. Another fact is that mercury can form naturally and accumulate in the fish food chain itself.
The following health problems that occur in the fetus due to mercury exposure:
- Disruption of fetal neurodevelopment
- Less than optimal development of cognitive abilities, language and brain memory
- Disruption of fetal motor nerves
To avoid some of the health problems of the fetus due to consuming karapu fish, pregnant women should reduce the amount of intake and even not consume karapu meat at all during pregnancy and breastfeeding. This is to prevent the fetus or baby from being exposed to mercury. To meet the needs of protein and unsaturated fatty acids for the body, it is better to consume types of fish that contain lower levels of mercury in accordance with their proper needs. Anything in excess will definitely have no impact on the body, right?
A number of other fish that are good for pregnant women, can be consumed:
Above, the benefits of grouper fish have been described in detail along with the classification or type and even the dangers contained therein. Grouper fish has many benefits for human life. In terms of its distinctive and unique shape, several types of karapu fish can even be used as ornamental fish. Then the delicacy of karapu fish meat is also very well known in the international market so that it makes karapu fish as a promising export commodity. This is certainly a business area for farmers who cultivate karapu fish that have economic value.
Apart from all the benefits of consuming karapu meat, it turns out that there is a high pollutant content in the form of mercury which can potentially inhibit the development of the fetal central nervous system. For this reason, it is not recommended for pregnant women to consume karapu fish because it is bad for the health of the fetus.