Fish is the best source of protein for the body. Fish contains many essential nutrients, such as protein and vitamin D. Fish are also a great source of omega-3 fatty acids, necessary for the body and brain.
One fish with the best nutrition and benefits for the body is haruan fish. In Indonesia, this fish is better known as snakehead fish. In addition, this fish also has many other names, such as kocolan, bocek, aruan, cursed, bogo, bayong and others.
Haruan fish live in fresh water and are included in the type of predator. This fish is a native fish from Indonesia, easily found in rivers, lakes, and swamps.
According to the Indonesian Food Composition Data (DKPI), per 100 grams of haruan fish contains the following nutrients:
- Water: 79.6 grams
- Calories: 80 kcal
- Protein: 16,2 gram
- Fat: 0.5 grams
- Carbohydrates: 2.6 grams
- Calcium: 170 milligrams
- Phosphorus: 139 milligrams
- Iron: 0.1 milligram
- Sodium: 65 milligrams
- Potassium: 254 milligrams
- Copper: 0.3 milligrams
- Zinc: 0.4 milligrams
- Retinol (Vitamin A): 335 mikrogram
- Thiamin (Vitamin B1) 0.4 milligrams
- Riboflavin (Vitamin B2): 0.2 milligrams
- Niacin (Vitamin B3): 0.1 milligrams
In addition to haruan fish meat, one crucial part also has excellent benefits, namely the bile. Bile is a storage place for bile, which comes from fish’s liver. Although it is small, this organ is believed to be able to provide various health benefits to the body.
9 Benefits of Haruan Fish Bile
Here are some of them:
1. Treating Diabetes
As is known, haruan fish have various health benefits. This fish contains high levels of amino acids, zinc and albumin. Albumin has an essential role in maintaining the function of the pancreas, which is the body’s organ that produces insulin.
The body of people with diabetes needs this hormone because the disease makes the body unable to produce insulin at the required level, or the body experiences insulin resistance.
Therefore, consuming haruan fish, including its bile, can help overcome complaints that arise in people with diabetes. For people with diabetes, while not having allergies to certain types of fish, it is recommended to consume haruan fish and its bile as a healing drug.
2. Treating Stroke
Besides being able to treat diabetes, haruan fish bile is also helpful in treating heart disease and stroke. The albumin in haruan fish contains the amino acid substances lysine and proline, which are beneficial for the heart.
Eating haruan fish regularly can strengthen the heart muscles. The protein can also reduce homocysteine levels and high blood pressure, triggering coronary heart disease.
3. Aids Growth and Muscle Building
Haruan fish has the highest amount of protein compared to other types of freshwater fish, and even the amount is still higher than animal protein such as beef, chicken and eggs.
Therefore, the protein needed for muscle growth and formation can be obtained from the protein found in haruan fish.
4. Accelerate the Post-surgery Wound Healing Process
As we know, haruan fish meat and gall have very high albumin content. This albumin protein has many benefits, one of which is for wound healing.
The albumin content in haruan fish can normalize albumin in the body when an injury occurs. Maintaining normal albumin levels can help the body in the healing process.
5. Maintain Body Fluid Balance
Typically, 60% of blood plasma should contain albumin, and this is because albumin can maintain the balance of body fluids. If body fluids are reduced, the protein that enters the body will break and cannot function optimally.
Albumin can also keep fluids in the blood from leaking into other body tissues. If the body has hypoalbuminemia or lack of albumin, fluid in the blood can leak into other tissues and lead to fluid buildup in the organs in the body.
Therefore, it is essential to consume haruan fish meat and bile, so that albumin levels in the body can be expected.
6. Improving Malnutrition
Haruan fish can also improve poor nutrition often experienced by infants, toddlers, children, and even pregnant women. This can occur due to a lack of albumin, so nutrients cannot be adequately circulated throughout the body.
Consuming only 100 grams of haruan fish can correct this disorder and meet various daily nutritional needs that are important for health.
7. Improve Children’s Intelligence
Many people think that salmon is the most contributing factor in educating children and Snakehead fish. In the golden age of children, namely at the age of 1-5 years, it is essential to provide foods that contain high nutrients, such as albumin, in haruan fish.
A body that lacks albumin can inhibit cell growth in the brain and prevent children from growing optimally. The fulfilment of albumin in the body can also affect the immune system.
8. Prevent Asthma
Asthma is a pretty dangerous disease, not only for adults but also for infants and children. Research says that children and infants who regularly eat haruan fish can reduce the risk of asthma by up to 24% lower than those who do not. So, it is not wrong if you have been given the intake of Haruan fish from a young age so that children avoid dangerous diseases.
9. Maintain Digestive System Health
Haruan fish can maintain the body’s digestion because this fish has lower collagen protein than the protein contained in meat. This fish has about 3-5% of collagen protein content. This fish also has a soft flesh structure, so it is not difficult for the body to digest.
Another study also said that Haruan fish has more nutritional content than other types of consumption fish. This fish has a protein content of up to 25.5%, while in comparison, the protein in carp is about 16%, milkfish and snapper fish are about 20%, and sardines are 21.1%.
Fish with the Latin name Channa Striata is also famous for its albumin content. This is a protein in blood plasma whose function is to keep fluids in the blood from leaking into other tissues. This protein carries various substances throughout the body, such as hormones, vitamins and enzymes.